Judges’ Appointments to the Administrative Judiciary: How to Guarantee Knowledge and Experience to Adjudicate Disputes in the Area of Administrative Law?
Keywords:judicial independence, administrative judiciary, judge’s specialisation, appointment proceedings, judicial careers
The paper is devoted to the issues connected with the judge’s specialisation in the framework of the administrative judiciary. Its aim is to explore how the special knowledge and experience of judges who are candidates for administrative judiciaries are being verified. The main assumption for the analysis is that judge’s specialisation provides knowledge and experience that are indispensable for professional adjudication. Although there is currently no one prevalent system of judicial appointments and there is no need for such, nor one way of equipping courts with specialist and detailed knowledge, in each of the analysed regulations (Austrian, German and Polish) a space for guaranteeing special knowledge and experience is foreseen. In the paper, these regulations are presented and compared in order to find out methods of how to organize the adjudication process professionally.