Vol. 3 No. 10 (2022)

Rescue Excavation in Aggtelek-Baradla Cave in 2019

Ádám Artúr Nyírő
Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary
Balázs Holl
National Archaeological Institute, Hungarian National Museum, Hungary
Gábor V. Szabó
Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary

Published 2023-03-31

How to Cite

Nyírő, Ádám A., Holl, B., & V. Szabó, G. (2023). Rescue Excavation in Aggtelek-Baradla Cave in 2019. Dissertationes Archaeologicae, 3(10), 29–46. https://doi.org/10.17204/dissarch.2022.29


The team of the Institute of Archaeological Sciences of the Eötvös Loránd University conducted a rescue excavation in the Baradla Cave in 2019. The work concentrated in a passage leading to a less-researched branch of the cave (the so-called Róka-ág [Fox Branch]) and one of the lesser rooms named Biológiai labor (Biological Laboratory). The passage towards the low and narrow Róka-ág was used for millennia, as attested by the objects from various historical periods and the stakeholes, probably related to former wooden walkways, discovered there. We unearthed an intact Neolithic culture layer preserved by a travertine (calc-sinter) deposit in Biológiai labor, while the metal detector survey carried out in the cave simultaneously with the excavations yielded Late Bronze and Early Iron Age, as well as medieval metal objects. The most significant discovery of our metal detector specialists was a Middle Bronze Age depot of decorative bronze clothing accessories. The recovered findings and observed features confirmed that the internal spaces of the Baradla Cave served as venues for ritual activity in the Neolithic and the Bronze Age.