Vol 1 No 1 (2021)
Current Research

Integrating Genetic, Archaeological, and Historical Perspectives on Eastern Central Europe, 400–900 AD: Brief Description of the ERC Synergy Grant – HistoGenes 856453

Walter Pohl
Institute for Medieval Research, Austrian Academy of Sciences, A-1020 Wien, Hollandstrasse 11-13, Austria
Johannes Krause
Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, D-7745 Jena, Kahlaische Str. 10, Germany
Tivadar Vida
Institut of Archaeological Sciences, Faculty of Humanities, Eötvös Loránd University, H-1088 Budapest, Múzeum krt. 4/B., Hungary
Patrick Geary
School of Historical Studies, Institute for Advanced Study, USA-8540 Princeton NJ, 1 Einstein Drive, United States
Published April 30, 2021
Keywords
  • ancient DNA,
  • isotopes,
  • Late Antique-Early Medieval population,
  • Carpathian Basin,
  • HistoGenes
How to Cite
Pohl, Walter, Johannes Krause, Tivadar Vida, and Patrick Geary. 2021. “Integrating Genetic, Archaeological, and Historical Perspectives on Eastern Central Europe, 400–900 AD”. Historical Studies on Central Europe 1 (1), 213–228. https://doi.org/10.47074/HSCE.2021-1.09.

Abstract

Few parts of Europe witnessed so many population shifts in a few centuries as the Carpathian Basin in 400–900 CE. In this macro-region along the middle Danube, Pannonians, Romans, Goths, Gepids, Longobards, Avars, Bulgars, Slavs, Franks and many others came and went. This is an intriguing test case for the relationship between ethnic identities constructed in texts, cultural habitus attested in the archaeological record, and genetic profiles that can now be analysed through ancient DNA. What was the impact of migrations and mobility on the population of the East-Central-Europe? Was the late antique population replaced, did it mix with the newcomers, or did its descendants only adopt new cultural styles? To what degree did biological distinctions correspond to the cultural boundaries and/or ethnonyms in the texts? If pursued with methodological caution, this case study will have implications beyond the field. HistoGenes will analyse c. 6,000 samples from graves with cutting edge scientific methods, and contextualize the interpretation of these data in their archaeological and historical setting. The rapid progress of aDNA analysis and of bio-informatics now make such an enterprise viable. However, the methods of historical interpretation have not kept pace. HistoGenes will, for the first time, unite historians, archaeologists, geneticist, anthropologists, and specialists in bio-informatics, isotope analysis and other scientific methods. A wide range of particular historical questions will be addressed from an interdisciplinary perspective, and fundamental theoretical and methodological issues can be explored. HistoGenes will not only advance our knowledge about a key period in European history, but also establish new standards for the historical interpretation of genetic data. The six-year HistoGenes Synergy Grant was launched on May 1, 2020.